Criminal cases generally start with the police arresting the criminal. The next stage is the possible granting of bail by a judge or a magistrate. Thirdly, the defendant appears in court in a stage known as the arraignment. The fourth stage that follows is the information or the indictment step. Preliminary hearings together with pre-trial motions follow as the fifth stage. The defendant’s sentencing then follows. The seventh and last step is the appeal stage. Here, the defendant may request that the Court of Appeal review his or her conviction.